The RASNZ Email newsletter is distributed by email on or near the 20th of each month. If you would like to be on the circulation list This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for a copy.

Affiliated Societies are welcome to reproduce any item in this email newsletter or on the RASNZ website in their own newsletters provided an acknowledgement of the source is also included.


1. Philae Probe Landed on Comet 67P
2. 2014 Dark Sky Lighting Award
3. The Solar System in December
4. 2015 RASNZ Conference
5. 9th Trans-Tasman Symposium on Occultations (TTSO9)
6. IceCube Work Gains Marsden Funding
7. The Sky as a Cultural Resource
8. New Director for AAVSO
9. Chinese Chang´e Craft Loops the Moon
10. The Smell of 67P
11. ALMA Hints of Planets Around Young Star
12. More from the 2014 Conference
13. How to Join RASNZ
14. Gifford-Eiby Lecture Fund
15. Kingdon-Tomlinson Fund

1. Philae Probe Landed on Comet 67P

On November 12 the European Space Agency successfully landed Rosetta's Philae probe on Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. All didn't quite go according to plan. The harpoons intended to hold the craft to 67P's surface failed to fire so it bounced in the extremely low gravity, finally coming to rest against a cliff. The robot's own pictures show it to be rammed up against walls that throw a deep shadow over its solar panels for most of 67P's 12-hour day.

European Space Agency controllers will not give up on Philae. They will continue to listen for the little probe in the days ahead, hopeful that it will somehow become active again. Philae has gone into standby because of low power. But the conditions that currently prevent Philae from charging its batteries could change. It is not inconceivable that as the comet moves in closer to the Sun, the amount of light made available to the probe will increase, in amount and in intensity.

On each pass overhead, the Rosetta satellite will try to detect and lock on to any sort of blip being transmitted from below. The mission has faced up to the odds before, and won. It bounced and probably scraped across the surface during its historic touchdown on Wednesday. Philae survived all that. People will now want to believe it can hunker down in the darkness and ride out its present predicament. It would be very useful to know where exactly the probe is right now on the surface of Comet 67P. This would give controllers a better sense of whether it is ever likely to come back to life.

There could be structural changes on the comet, too. Obstructions that look hard and imposing today could crumble in time as 67P warms and becomes more active. The jets of gas and dust that are generated as the comet's internal ices are heated could disturb the robot in such a way that it is bumped to a more favourable lighting location.

For sure, Philae will be very cold in the long nights it is experiencing, but the assessment of the thermal status of the probe is encouraging. It can survive.

If this is the last we hear from the robot, history will be very quick to judge this mission as an astonishing success. The robot delivered almost 100% of its primary goals, returning the first-ever pictures and other science data from the surface of a comet.

So how about we do it again? This is the dream certainly of many who control Philae's mothership, Rosetta. The strange shape of 67P turned an already challenging prospect into an extremely daunting one. It will continue to orbit and observe 67P for at least another year, but after that there is a desire to put the satellite on the surface of the comet as well.

"I would like to land on the surface of the comet with the full spacecraft - definitely," says European Space Agency flight director Andrea Accomazzo. "In the end, we can design an approach trajectory to the comet. We just slow down the spacecraft and it falls on to the comet. The touchdown will not be as soft as the lander. There's no landing gear; the spacecraft would be mechanically damaged. But we can do it."

And Paolo Ferri, Esa's head of mission operations, added: "We would plan such a manoeuvre so that we could follow Rosetta down to the surface. But once it touches down, we cannot control anymore the attitude. So, the antenna will not be pointing to the right direction. "We would lose the contact when it touches down, but we would still be able to control it down to the last metre, to get signal, measurements and pictures. It would be spectacular. That's the right way to die."

-- Mostly copied from an article by Jonathan Amos of the BBC. Original at

For more see See also Item N.

2. 2014 Dark Sky Lighting Award

The 2014 RASNZ Dark Sky Lighting Design: Award of Excellence was awarded to Lighting Designer Pontus Hammarbäck of Stephenson & Turner NZ Ltd for the lighting project in Opera House Lane, Wellington.

The New Zealand Chapter of the Illuminating Engineering Society of Australia and New Zealand Ltd New Zealand Chapter held their 2014 LiDA Lighting Design Awards on Friday the 7th of November. David Britten, from Stardome Observatory judged this year and presented the Award at the formal award ceremony. Further details and judges comments will be in the next Newsletter.

-- Steve Butler, RASNZ's Dark Skies Group.

3. The Solar System in December

All dates and times are NZDT (UT +13 hours) unless otherwise specified. Rise and set times are for Wellington. They will vary by a few minutes elsewhere in NZ.

December 1    sunrise: 5.40am   sunset: 8.39pm   December 31    sunrise: 5.47am  sunset: 8.59pm
Civil twilight starts: 5.10am     ends: 9.10pm                   starts: 5.16am    ends: 9.31pm
Nautical twilt starts: 4.28am     ends: 9.52pm                   starts: 4.33am    ends:10.14pm
Astronomical   starts: 3.40am     ends:10.40pm                   starts: 3.42am    ends:11.05pm

The southern summer solstice is on December 22, with the Sun furthest south at 12.04pm. On the day of the solstice, sunrise and sunset times are:

Auckland     5.55 am and 8.42 pm,
Wellington   5.41 am and 8.56 pm,
Invercargill 5.46 am and 9.41 pm

The sun is more than 18° below the horizon (that is no twilight) for 5hr 33min at Auckland, 4hr 32min at Wellington and 2hr 32min at Invercargill

Phases of the moon (times as shown by guide)

Full moon:     December  7 at  1.27 am (Dec  6, 12:27 UT)
Last quarter:  December 15 at  1.51 am (Dec 14, 12:51 UT)
New moon:      December 22 at  2.36 pm (        01:36 UT)
First quarter: December 29 at  7.31 am (Dec 28, 18:31 UT)

The planets in december

The 5 naked eye planets will be in order across the sky, although not all visible at once. In the evening Mercury sets first (after conjunction) followed by Venus and Mars. Soon after Mars sets in the west, Jupiter will rise in the east, with Saturn rising some hours later, but increasingly before the Sun as the month progresses.

Mercury is too close to the Sun to observe for much of December. It is at superior conjunction on the 8th when the planet will be 70 million km (0.467 AU) beyond the Sun, and 217 million km (1.45 AU) from the Earth. After conjunction Mercury becomes an evening object setting after the Sun. By December 31 it will set an hour later. That evening Mercury will have a magnitude -0.8 and be just over 3° to the left of Venus.

Venus is also an early evening object setting some 45 minutes after the Sun on the 1st and 66 minutes later than the Sun on the 31st. By the latter date it will be about 5° above the horizon well to the south of due west 30 minutes after sunset. Mercury will be about 3° to its left and a little lower.

The moon, just over 1 day old, will be 7° to the lower right of Venus and about level with Mercury, on December 23. The moon, as a very thin crescent, will set 40 minutes after the Sun, so not easy to spot.

Mars is also an early evening object during December, a little higher than the two inner planets. It sets around midnight on the 1st, nearly an hour earlier on the 31st. The planet starts in Sagittarius but moves on into Capricornus on the 4th. During the rest of December it moves most of the way across Capricornus ending the month close to delta Cap, at 2.85 magnitude the brightest star in the constellation.

On the 26th the moon, now a crescent 14% lit, will be just over 6° to the lower right of Mars.

Jupiter remains essentially a morning object although by the end of December it will rise just after 11pm. The planet rises 2 hours later at the beginning of the month. It will be in Leo, 7.5° from Regulus and, at first, moving very slowly towards it. On the 9th Jupiter is stationary and then starts moving back over subsequent nights until on the 31st it will be over 8° from the star.

The waning moon passes Jupiter and Regulus on December 12 and 13. On the morning of the 12th the 76% moon will be 6° from Jupiter. The following morning the 67% lit moon will be just over 3° above Regulus and 8° from Jupiter.

There are 4 mutual events of Jupiter's Galilean satellites observable from NZ during December. Some details are given below.

Saturn was at conjunction mid November, during December it starts moving up into the morning sky. At first it rises only 30 minutes before the Sun, so will be unobservable. By the end of December, Saturn will rise over 2 hours before the Sun, so 45 minutes before sunrise it will be about 15° up in a direction a little to the south of east. Antares will be to the right of the planet at almost the same altitude. However to see the planet it will be necessary to be looking by 5am or earlier.

With the north pole of Saturn tilted towards the Earth at an angle almost 25° the rings are wide open and easily seen in binoculars or a small telescope.

On the morning of the 20th the moon, visible as a thin crescent only 7% lit, will be 3° to the left of the planet.

Outer planets

Uranus is in the evening sky at magnitude 5.8. It is in Pisces, setting soon after 3am at the start of December, two hours earlier by the end of the month. It is stationary on the 22nd, so its position will change little throughout December.

Neptune, in Aquarius at magnitude 7.9, sets nearly 90 minutes earlier than Uranus, so will be setting just before midnight by the 31st.

Pluto is in Sagittarius at magnitude 14.4. By the end of December it will be within 3° of the Sun.

Brighter asteroids:

(1) Ceres is within a few degrees of the Sun throughout December. Conjunction is on December 10, at its closest Ceres will be only 6 arc minutes from the northern limb of the Sun. The asteroid will be nearly 420 million km beyond the Sun and 567 million km from Earth.

(3) Juno brightens from magnitude 9.0 to 8.5. It will be in Hydra and stationary mid month.

(4) Vesta, brightens slightly from magnitude 7.8 to 7.6 in December. It is in Sagittarius which means it is close to the Sun, the asteroid's distance from our star decreasing from 20° to 5° during the month. So like Ceres it will not be readily observed. However on the 16th Vesta will be 1° to the lower right of Venus.

(6) Hebe, in the evening sky, fades a little from magnitude 8.3 to 8.9 as the Earth's distance from the asteroid increasing during December. The asteroid will be in Eridanus and will be stationary at the end of the month.

Mutual events of the gallilean satellites december 2014.

There are 4 events during December, 3 occultations and one eclipse. Visually occultations are generally more interesting to watch as the satellites approach one another, merge and then separate again. Eclipses are often difficult to detect visually as the light change is often quiet small, and takes place slowly.

To see the merging and separation, occultations should be watched for several minutes before and after the start and end times. That is for at least the duration of the event.

Details of events visible from NZ during the month are listed, note times could be in error by a minute or two.

  • Dec 17, 5:02:30 am, Europa occults Io, annular, duration 28 minutes, from 4:48:32 am to 5:16:27 am. Strong twilight by end of event
  • Dec 22, 1:00:55 am, Callisto eclipses Io, annular, duration 22.5 minutes, maximum light drop 0.6 magnitudes, difficult to detect visually. Jupiter low.
  • Dec 24, 5:03:43 am, Callisto occults Ganymede, partial, almost grazing, duration 9.3 minutes, no light change.
  • Dec 29, 4:25:34 am, Ganymede occults Io, total, duration 25.1 minutes. Io will be completely hidden by Ganymede for just over 9 minutes. Moderate twilight by end of event

-- Brian Loader

4. 2015 RASNZ Conference

Dear Friends, Colleagues,

It is a pleasure to announce that the next conference of the Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand (RASNZ) will be held at Lake Tekapo from 8th-10th May 2015. Our guest speakers will be Professors Gerry Gilmore (University of Cambridge) and Edward Guinan (Villanova University), and the Fellows Lecture for 2015 will be delivered by Associate Professor Karen Pollard from Canterbury University. Titles and abstracts for these talks will be released when they are available.

For further information on the RASNZ conference and registration please visit the conference website at

The conference will be preceded by a two day symposium to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Mount John University Observatory - see Following the conference, the 9th Trans-Tasman Symposium on Occultations will also be held at Lake Tekapo. For details see Conference attendees are welcome to attend these meetings, but please note that separate registrations are required for them which must be done through the above websites; they will NOT be handled by RASNZ.

The RASNZ standing conference committee invites and encourages anyone interested in New Zealand Astronomy to submit papers, with titles and abstracts due 1st April 2015. The link to the paper submission form can be found on the RASNZ conference website given above, or you can go to the RASNZ wiki Even if you are just thinking of presenting a paper please submit the form, and we can follow up with you at a later date.

We look forward to receiving your submission and seeing you at conference.

Please feel free to forward this message to anyone who may find this of interest.

Sincerely yours,
Warwick Kissling
RASNZ Standing Conference Committee

5. 9th Trans-Tasman Symposium on Occultations (TTSO9)

The RASNZ Occultation Section is pleased to announce that the 9th Trans-Tasman Symposium on Occultations (TTSO9) will be held at Lake Tekapo, New Zealand, over 11-12 May 2015. Comprehensive information about the meeting is available here:

The meeting will immediately follow the 2015 RASNZ Conference and the Mt John Observatory 50th Anniversary Symposium. Because attendance at all these meetings is expected to be high, accommodation space in Tekapo is likely to be limited. If you plan to attend any of these meetings we recommend that you book your accommodation early.

For those who are members of the Occultation Section, the latest Section Circular was released today. We also expect the next issue of the Journal for Occultation Astronomy to be available very soon. To access these visit:

-- Graham Blow

6. IceCube Work Gains Marsden Funding

The NZ Government's Marsden Fund has awarded Associate Professor Jenni Adams of the University of Canterbury's Department of Physics & Astronomy total funding of $770,000 for the study of cosmic neutrinos via the Ice Cube array at the South Pole.

Cosmic rays, with energies over a million times greater than anything achievable by man-made particle accelerators, continually bombard the Earth´s atmosphere. But where in outer space do they come from? We cannot tell as their direction of travel varies as their path is twisted by magnetic fields on their journey. However, cosmic neutrinos may provide the answer.

Associate Professor Jenni Adams, together with scientists from Germany and the USA, recently presented the first strong evidence for the observation of cosmic neutrinos. The evidence was gathered from their IceCube Observatory, and their achievement was recognised with the Physics World Breakthrough of the Year prize in 2013.

Neutrinos offer a unique way to observe the Universe. Unlike photons or charged particles, neutrinos can travel through matter unimpeded, and their trajectories are not bent by magnetic fields. Furthermore, they are generated by cosmic rays at the sites where the cosmic rays originate. IceCube consists of over 5000 optical sensors suspended along cables in ice deep below the South Pole. Marsden funding will allow Professor Adams and her team to develop and apply sophisticated techniques to obtain a large, high- quality sample of these cosmic neutrinos. Cosmic neutrinos detected by IceCube will provide information on the birth sites of cosmic rays.

Long-awaited observations provided by this project will offer new and exciting ways to investigate the origin and acceleration of nature´s highest-energy particles.

-- Mostly from the Marsden Fund's website. See fund-highlights/

7. The Sky as a Cultural Resource

Also receiving Marsden funding was Te Mauria Whiritoi, a project to examine Maori beliefs, practices and observations in relation to astronomy, ecology and ritual.

From the beginning of human history, people have looked to the heavens in search of greater understanding. Astronomy connects scientific observation, cultures, religion, mythology and astrological practices throughout the world.

The project will be led by Dr Rangi Matamua, of the School of Maori and Pacific Development at the University of Waikato. Researchers from the University of Waikato, Victoria University of Wellington, and the University of Hawai`i seek to collect and preserve a significant body of Maori astronomical knowledge that might otherwise be lost.

It was knowledge of the night sky that guided Polynesians across the open ocean to settle in Aotearoa, and the cosmological cycle guided management and harvesting of species. Renewed interest in the stars has manifested in the last decade with celebrations of celestial events such as Matariki. Te Mauria Whiritoi will include online surveys to probe the experiences and concerns of participants in relation to Matariki commemorations, and enquire after their knowledge of both Maori and Pakeha astronomy. The results will lead to online audio-visual material on the star-lore behind Matariki.

The revitalisation of traditional knowledge and associated ritual and spiritual practices also has political aspects by providing resources for those interested in ensuring the ongoing influence of Maori language and culture in this increasingly multicultural nation. Te Mauria Whiritoi has been given funding of $710,000.

From marsden-fund- highlights/

8. New Director for AAVSO

The current Director of AAVSO (American Association of Variable Star Observers) is due to retire at the end of February 2015.

The AAVSO Council has chosen as the Association´s next Director Dr Styliani (Stella) Kafka. Dr Kafka is presently Journal Manager for the American Institute of Physics and a Visiting Investigator in the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institution of Washington.

Stella comes to the AAVSO highly qualified both in scientific and managerial matters. Her research interests include investigating multiple aspects of variability and magnetic activity in binary systems and studying Type-Ia supernova progenitors, utilizing multi-wavelength short- and long-term photometric and spectroscopic data.

Her role at the American Institute of Physics requires excellent managerial skills. She is responsible for most aspects of the AIP journals, including defining editorial direction, developing marketing strategies, and evaluating business plans for their future development. She also serves as liaison to the scientific community for the journals.

Stella is dedicated to expanding the AAVSO, both in terms of increasing its numbers of members and observers and broadening its presence in the professional community.

Stella is eager to become part of the AAVSO´s dedicated community of members and observers around the world who share her lifelong love of the night sky. We look forward to her contribution to variable star observing and analysis.

From AAVSO. Recent Activities. Abstract by Alan Baldwin from

9. Chinese Chang´e Craft Loops the Moon

At the end of October a Chinese spacecraft landed back of Earth after completing an eight-day loop around the moon. The test flight was a dress rehearsal for a future mission to bring back lunar samples.

The flight of Chang'e 5-T1, informally known as Xiaofei, began on 23 October when a Long March 3C rocket lofted the spacecraft on a trajectory toward the Moon. Four days later it passed about 13,000 km from the lunar surface before heading home. Pictures released by the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program show the blunt capsule, roughly the size of a washing machine, resting upright with scorching from its high-temperature re-entry.

The main spacecraft is a near-clone of Chang'e 2, a box-shaped structure with long solar-cell arrays that orbited the Moon in 2011 and later photographed asteroid 4179 Toutatis at close range. Besides its high-resolution camera, which relayed a stunning view of the Moon's farside with a gibbous Earth in the distance, the craft reportedly carries an experiment that exposed bacteria and plants to space radiation and secondary payloads for German and Spanish research teams.

According a report published by Chinese Military Online, the main spacecraft will spend some time hovering near the L2 Lagrangian point before returning to the Moon and slipping into orbit.

Apart from successfully making the round-trip lunar voyage - the first since the Soviet Union's Luna 24 did so in 1976 - the spacecraft was an engineering test designed to lead to a sample-return mission. That mission, Chang'e 5, is designed to return some 4½ pounds (2 kg) of lunar material and could occur as early as 2017. (Space aficionados aren't clear if or when a Chang'e 4 spacecraft might be launched.)

Meanwhile, China's small lunar rover Yutu, which dropped onto Sinus Iridum last December, continues to function - barely. It encountered problems during the brutal cold of its first 2-week-long lunar night, which left it immobile. But Chinese space officials say that it is still communicating with mission controllers on Earth.

-- Abridged from an article by Kelly Beatty of Sky & Telescope. See the original with pictures and links at

10. The Smell of 67P

The scientists working on the Rosetta comet mission posted an intriguing essay about the composition of Comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko, which Rosetta is studying at very close range. The chemicals wafting off from the comet are associated with some intense and memorable odours, which Kathrin Altwegg (principal investigator for Rosetta) describes in wonderfully colourful terms:

The perfume of 67P/C-G is quite strong, with the odour of rotten eggs (hydrogen sulphide), horse stable (ammonia), and the pungent, suffocating odour of formaldehyde. This is mixed with the faint, bitter, almond-like aroma of hydrogen cyanide. Add some whiff of alcohol (methanol) to this mixture, paired with the vinegar-like aroma of sulphur dioxide and a hint of the sweet aromatic scent of carbon disulphide, and you arrive at the `perfume´ of our comet.

Those are pretty common compounds. Surely it wouldn´t be that hard to create an odour room where people could inhale the smell of comet directly. No need to restrict it to comets, by the way. It would not be terribly hard to simulate moon dust (said to smell like gunpowder), Mars (probably rusty and dry), and so on.

-- Abridged from an article by Corey S. Powell. See the original at

11. ALMA Hints of Planets Around Young Star

An ALMA submillimeter-wavelength image has veiled the dawn of planet formation around a surprisingly young star in unprecedented detail.

Planets are forming around HL Tauri, a young variable star just 1 million years old. They are leaving their imprints in the dusty disk leftover from the star´s formation, showing a protoplanetary system that spans 235 astronomical units (A.U.) (One A.U. is the distance between Earth and the Sun). The innermost disk gap appears at a radius of 20-30 A.U., roughly the size of Neptune´s orbit around the Sun. A second gap appears further out at 70 A.U., which would lie outside Pluto´s orbit, and still more gaps appear beyond that.

The 66 dishes of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) can be placed as far as 16 kilometers apart, in effect combining their power into one 16-km-wide telescope. The result is fine detail at submillimeter wavelengths, a little-explored regime of the electromagnetic sky.

ALMA has been fully operational since March 2013 but has continued to ramp up, adding antennae and possible configurations. Now the science team is testing the longest-baseline configurations, arrangements of the antennae that allow for the most detailed images ever recorded at submillimeter wavelengths.

Seen visually, HL Tauri is a 15th magnitude star hidden in a cocoon of dust and gas. ALMA imaged the system at a wavelength of 1.3 mm (233 GHz) to cut through the dusty veil and reveal the planet-forming disk at its centre. ALMA has imaged planet-forming gaps before, but never at this resolution. ALMA can make out details 35 microarcseconds across, the equivalent of 5 A.U. at HL Tauri's distance.

The gaps around 20-30 A.U. and 70 A.U. are most likely the markers of a planet´s passage through the disk. The discovery of disk gaps around a star less than 1 million years old is surprising - planets aren´t supposed to form so fast.

In the core-accretion model, small dust grains collide and stick together, forming a small, rocky core that then begins collecting a gaseous envelope. But the core-accretion scenario, at least in its classical form, would have trouble building planets in less than 1 million years.

-- From an article by Monica Young of Sky and Telescope. See the original at

12. More from the 2014 Conference

David Moiaty outlined the possibility of life beyond Earth. David is a retired microbiologist so shared an expert´s viewpoint. First he described in detail the chemicals and conditions necessary for life. Carbon is vital. It can combine with many elements that make organic molecules: hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur and phosphorus to name a few. Its compounds are stable in the presence of water. Speculations of silicon-based life founder on the instability of `organic´ molecules involving silicon. Then there is the environment that Earth provides. Chemical processes occurring in plate-tectonic subduction zones may be important in making molecules important to life. The spongy lattices of certain iron compounds may have provided the first `cells´ for nascent life.

Once life got underway it was a long haul before multicellular organisms appeared. Early cyano-bacteria produced oxygen as a waste product. For hundreds of millions of years their oxygen was used up in oxidizing iron compounds dissolved in the sea. It is interesting that Pilbara region of Australia has both stromolites made from fossilized bacterial mats and vast quantities of iron oxide produced in the same era. Only after the iron was precipitated out of the sea did oxygen accumulate in the atmosphere. During this time some bacteria absorbed others and formed symbiotic relationships. Modern organisms rely on mitrochondria in their cells for efficient energy production. Plant cells have chloroplasts to convert sunlight to sugars. Both mitochondria and chloroplasts were originally independent bacteria. The take-home message is that a lot of things have to happen in the right conditions for bacterial life to form and prosper. Multicellular life is much harder to organise and will be much rarer.

13. How to Join RASNZ

RASNZ membership is open to all individuals with an interest in astronomy in New Zealand. Information about the society and its objects can be found at A membership form can be either obtained from This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or by completing the online application form found at Basic membership for the 2015 year starts at $40 for an ordinary member, which includes an electronic subscription to our journal 'Southern Stars'.

14. Gifford-Eiby Lecture Fund

The RASNZ administers the Gifford-Eiby Memorial Lectureship Fund to assist Affiliated Societies with travel costs of getting a lecturer or instructor to their meetings. Details are in RASNZ By-Laws Section H.

For an application form contact the Executive Secretary This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., R O'Keeffe, 662 Onewhero-Tuakau Bridge Rd, RD 2, TUAKAU 2697

15. Kingdon-Tomlinson Fund

The RASNZ is responsible for recommending to the trustees of the Kingdon Tomlinson Fund that grants be made for astronomical projects. The grants may be to any person or persons, or organisations, requiring funding for any projects or ventures that promote the progress of astronomy in New Zealand.

Full details are set down in the RASNZ By-Laws, Section J.

For an application form contact the RASNZ Executive Secretary,

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
R O'Keeffe,
662 Onewhero-Tuakau Bridge Rd,
RD 2,

Newsletter editor:

Alan Gilmore   Phone: 03 680 6000
P.O. Box 57   Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Lake Tekapo 7945
New Zealand