The RASNZ Email newsletter is distributed by email on or near the 20th of each month. If you would like to be on the circulation list This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for a copy.

Affiliated Societies are welcome to reproduce any item in this email newsletter or on the RASNZ website http://www.rasnz.org.nz/ in their own newsletters provided an acknowledgement of the source is also included.

Contents

1. Sir Ian Axford (1933 - 2010)
2. RASNZ Conference
3. Global Astronomy Month
4. The Solar System in April
5. Fred Watson Honoured
6. Neutrino Oscillation Experiment Started
7. Public Solar Stormwatch - Webpage
8. Phobos Flyby Images
9. Asteroid Collision Seen?
10. VISTA Infra-Red Survey Telescope Commissioned
11. New Director for CSIRO's Astronomy and Space Sciences Division
12. RASNZ in Wikipedia
13. Gifford-Eiby Lecture Fund
14. Kingdon-Tomlinson Fund
15. How to Join the RASNZ
16. "The Goldilocks Enigma"

1. Sir Ian Axford (1933 - 2010)

Sir Ian Axford passed away on March 13 after a period of failing health. He was a towering figure in science and a passionate supporter of New Zealand involvement in the Square Kilometre Array.

Sir Ian was director (1974-2004) of Germany's Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy (MPAe), now renamed to Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (PMS). The institute was a pioneer in solar-terrestrial sciences as well as the interstellar medium, making significant contributions in the fields of plasma physics and space physics on subjects that include planetary science, comets, the heliosphere, the magnetosphere, solar physics, supernova remnants, and cosmic rays.

His position as director of MPAe and Chair of the COSPAR -- the International Committee on Space Research -- placed him at the forefront of near-Earth and Solar System research. He was closely involved with the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 planetary explorers, the Giotto space-probe to Comet Halley, the Ulysses solar-polar explorer, and many other international space projects.

Sir Ian started his career in 1960s, at the beginning of the space exploration era. He was a professor at two leading American universities: Cornell University, in New York, then at the San Diego campus of the University of California. At Cornell, he and Carl Sagan founded the Centre for Radiophysics and Space Research.

Named New Zealander of the Year in 1995, he was knighted in 1996. He received the Chapman Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, and the John Adam Fleming Medal of the American Geophysical Union. He was a fellow of the Royal Society, a foreign associate of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, an honorary fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand, and a fellow of the Academia Europaea.

The Ian Axford Fellowships in Public Policy, named after him, were established in 1995 as reciprocal to the U.S. State Department's Fulbright Scholar Program. He founded the Marsden Fund and was its Chair. He also founded and chaired the Asia-Oceania Geosciences Society, which established the annual Axford Award for the best achievement in the field of Geoscience. Sir Ian also chaired the NZ radio astronomy committee SKANZ.

A memorial service is planned for mid April for friends and colleagues to pay their tribute.

-- from a tribute by Sergei Gulyaev and biographical notes forwarded by Karen Pollard.

--------- Jack Baggaely and Grahame Fraser, in Canterbury University's Physics and Astronomy Dept Newsletter, shared this tale of Ian Axford's practical approach to administration: Ian had a spell as Vice Chancellor of Victoria University. On his arrival and first chairing of the Academic Board equivalent he was advised of a potentially expensive repair required in the roof and the need for external consultants to carry out an inspection. Ian obtained a torch, boiler suit and ladder and inspected the roof-site himself. He was able to advise on how to (easily) rectify the problem. Good to see how a Canterbury Engineering graduate approached such a situation with hands-on know-how.

2. RASNZ Conference

The RASNZ conference 2010 will be held in Dunedin from 28-30 May 2010, at the Otago Museum.

Dr Stuart Ryder of the Australian Gemini Office is our invited speaker with a feature papers on Supernovae. Bill Allen will be giving this year´s Fellows lecture entitled "50 years as an amateur Astronomer".

For further information on the conference and registration please visit the http://www.rasnz.org.nz" class="blue">RASNZ web site

The RASNZ standing conference committee sincerely invites and encourages anyone interested in New Zealand Astronomy to submit papers, with titles due by 31st March and Abstracts due 30 April. The paper submission form can be found on the RASNZ website www.rasnz.org.nz. Please send your submissions to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

We look forward to receiving your submission and seeing you at conference.

Please feel free to forward this message to anyone who may find this of interest. -- Orlon Petterson, RASNZ Standing Conference Committee

3. Global Astronomy Month

Marilyn Head writes: Mike White, NZ Coordinator for Astronomers Without Borders, has asked me to send this on to you and your members regarding the Global Astronomy Month being held in April this year. If you are interested in taking part in this event, please contact Mike directly - details below.

----------- Global Astronomy Month 2010: One People, One Sky

Let's Continue the Celebration of the Universe!

Professional and amateur astronomers, educators and all astronomy enthusiasts worldwide are invited to celebrate the Universe in April 2010, during Global Astronomy Month - an international project that builds on the achievements of The International Year of Astronomy 2009, by combining a wide array of activities with the possibility of sharing experiences in real-time!

The unprecedented success of 100 Hours of Astronomy (100HA) in April 2009 showed what could be accomplished by a highly motivated and energised international community of passionate people, creating even greater enthusiasm for a follow-up experience. As challenging as it may be to follow the historic success of 100HA, Astronomers Without Borders (AWB) has set the bar even higher, inviting astronomy enthusiasts worldwide to celebrate the Universe for an entire month!

In order for you to receive regular GAM2010 updates and information, please email the AWB National Coordinator. Your local contact is:-

Mike White AWB National Coordinator for NZ Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Web: www.astronomerswithoutborders.org <http://www.astronomerswithoutborders.org> Phone: +64 21 100-7170 You are also encouraged to visit the GAM website (below) for ideas on what activities you or your astronomy group/organization could organize for your own region, now is the time to start planning for an awesome month! Are you up for it?!!!

More information: Website: http://www.gam-awb.org" class="blue" target="gam">www.gam-awb.org Blogs: http://gam-awb.org/gam-project-blog.html Twitter: http://twitter.com/GAM_2010 Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Global-Astronomy-Month-2010/226861742445

[This item was missed from last month's Newsletter but separately emailed to RASNZ members on March 6.]

4. The Solar System in April

The usual notes on the visibility of the Planets for April 2010 have been placed on the RASNZ web site: http://www.rasnz.org.nz/SolarSys/Apr_10.htm. Notes for May 2010 will be in place in a few days.

New Zealand reverts to NZST at 3 am on Sunday 4 April, when clocks go back an hour.

The planets in april

Mars and Saturn will be easy evening objects throughout April, Mars being highest early evening and Saturn late evening. Venus and Mercury are also in the evening sky, but low in the evening twilight. Jupiter will become better placed in the morning and readily seen in the early twilight.

Mercury is in the evening sky for virtually the whole of April, but will be very difficult to observe as, at the most, it sets only half an hour after the Sun. Even the proximity of Venus, 3 to 4 degrees above Mercury for the first 10 days of the month, is not likely to help find Mercury in the strong twilight.

Mercury is at greatest elongation from the Sun on April 9, and is stationary on April 18. Particularly after this, the planet heads rapidly back towards the Sun and is at inferior conjunction on April 29.

Venus is also an evening object, setting about 45 minutes after the Sun on April 1. By the end of the month this will increase to 75 minutes later, although at a slightly earlier clock time as the planet moves to the north. Venus will also be a low object, briefly visible in the evening twilight.

During April, Venus moves across Aries and into Taurus on April 20. Five days later it passes within 3 degrees of the Pleiades. They will be difficult to see low in the twilight.

Mars will be readily visible in the evening sky during April, with its transit time close to 8 pm NZST early in the month, advancing an hour by the end. By then Mars will set shortly before midnight. Mars is well north of the celestial equator so at its highest will be rather low in New Zealand skies, only a little higher than the midwinter sun. Although remaining quite bright, Mars' magnitude fades from 0.2 to 0.7 in April.

During April, Mars will move to the east through Cancer to pass about 1 degree below, north of, the Praesepe (Beehive) cluster, the two being closest on the 17th. Five evenings later the moon, just past first quarter, will be about 3.5 degrees above Mars, closest in the early evening.

Saturn remains well placed for evening viewing during April. It transits close to midnight, NZST, early April and by 10 pm at the end of the month. So it will become well placed for viewing as Mars sinks to the northeast. At transit Saturn will be some 20 degrees higher than is Mars with the two similar in brightness, but not colour.

Saturn will be in Virgo, about 25 degrees from Spica, to the lower left of the star when the planet is highest. The planet will be a little brighter than the star.

The 88% lit moon passes Saturn on the night of April 25/26. From NZ they will be closest after midnight, but still some 8 degrees apart

Saturn's rings are still only open a slight amount, so will generally appear as a bar either side of the planet in a small telescope. They need quite high magnification to be able to see them as rings.

Jupiter is the odd one out as the only morning planet visible near dawn. It rises about 2 hours before the sun on April 1 and 4 hours earlier by the 30th. By then it will be 30 degrees above the horizon at the start of nautical twilight when the sun is 12 degrees below the horizon.

The moon will be a thin crescent, 7.5% lit when it passes Jupiter on the morning of April 12. The two will be 6 degrees apart as seen from NZ, with the moon to the lower left of Jupiter.

On the morning of April 1, Jupiter will be just under 7.5' (a quarter of the full moon's diameter) from the 4.2 magnitude star phi Aquarii. The two will be only 13 degrees up when the sun is about 10 degrees below the horizon.

Outer planets

Uranus will be in the morning sky a few degrees below Jupiter. It will be very low in the dawn sky at the beginning of April, but by the end of the month Uranus will be less than 6 degrees below Jupiter, and readily visible in binoculars.

Neptune, also in the morning sky, will be about 20 degrees above Jupiter at the beginning of April and 25 degrees above by the end of the month. Neptune will be in Aquarius close to its border with Capricornus during April

Brighter asteroids:

(1) Ceres is a late evening and morning object in Sagittarius. It brightens from magnitude 8.6 to 8.2 during April. Ceres starts April some 6 degrees from the 2.8 magnitude star lambda Sgr (Kaus Borealis), closing in to just over 3 degrees by April 30.

Ceres rises before 9 pm at the end of April, so will be observable by late evening.

(2) Pallas is in Serpens throughout April, its magnitude remaining at 8.7 throughout the month. It is in the northern parts of Corona Borealis some 20 degrees to the right of Arcturus, so low in New Zealand skies. It rises a little before 11 pm (NZST) at the beginning of April and about 9 pm by the 30th.

(4) Vesta is in Leo and will fade from magnitude 6.9 to 7.4 during the month. It starts April just over a degree from the 3rd magnitude star epsilon Leo but moves a couple of degrees away from it towards Regulus during the month.

Vesta and Mars are at similar declinations, both are rather low in NZ skies. Mars is about 20 degrees to the left of Vesta on April 1, closing to 13 degrees by the 30th.

More details and charts for these minor planets can be found on the RASNZ web site. Follow the link to asteroids 2010.

COMET 81P/WILD 2 is expected to be almost at its brightest, magnitude 9.4 at the beginning of April. It will be in Virgo and then some half degree from the 4th magnitude star iota Vir. To the other side of the comet and only about 7' away from it there will be a 6.4 magnitude star.

The comet rises a little before 8 pm (NZDT) on April 1 and two hours earlier on the 30th, by which time it is expected to be at magnitude 9.9 and will have moved to be just under 3 degrees from iota.

More details and charts are on the RASNZ web site. Follow the link to Comets 2010.

-- Brian Loader

5. Fred Watson Honoured

Professor Fred Watson, Astronomer-in-Charge of the Australian Astronomical Observatory (AAO), and one of Australia´s best-known science communicators, was honoured for his services to astronomy. On Australia Day, January 26, Fred was appointed a Member in the General Division of the Order of Australia.

"It's a truly an out-of-this-world experience to find yourself in the Australia Day honours list," said Fred. "We live in an era when astronomy and space science are exploding with new discoveries, so it's quite easy to spread the excitement around. This honour reflects the generous support I´ve had over the years from friends and colleagues in Australia and worldwide."

Fred has been Astronomer-in-Charge at the AAO since 1995, having previously worked at the Royal Greenwich Observatory and the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. Acknowledged in professional circles as one of the pioneers of fibre optics in astronomy, Fred is currently Project Manager for the international RAVE survey of a million stars. He holds adjunct professorships in the University of Southern Queensland, Queensland University of Technology and James Cook University.

It is for Fred's popular science that he is best known. His frequent appearances on ABC radio and TV, together with his books, public lectures and astronomy tourism expeditions, have resulted in several awards. They include the David Allen Prize for Communicating Astronomy to the Public, the Australian Government Eureka Prize for Promoting Understanding of Science and the Queensland Premier´s Literary Award for Science Writing for his book Why is Uranus Upside Down? In 2004, asteroid 5691 was named 'Fredwatson' in his honour (though he is always at pains to point out that if it hits the Earth, it won't be his fault).

Fred's enthusiasm for linking science and the arts also led to a solo CD, An Alien Like You, featuring some of his quirky science songs. At the other end of the musical spectrum, Fred was librettist for Star Chant, the choral Fourth Symphony of Australian composer Ross Edwards. Following its release on an ABC CD, Star Chant won the APRA Award for Best Choral or Vocal Work of 2008.

Fred was born in Yorkshire, but is proud of his Australian citizenship. 'Australia still has wonderful opportunities not available elsewhere', he says. He was educated in Scotland at the universities of St Andrews and Edinburgh, and is a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, a member of the Astronomical Society of Australia, and a member of the International Astronomical Union. Fred serves on a number of astronomy-related committees, but he is also a keen advocate for publicly-funded education, and is a Board Member of the Public Education Foundation of NSW.

-- from an AAO press release forwarded by the Astronomical Society of Australia.

6. Neutrino Oscillation Experiment Started

The first test of an experiment to measure neutrino oscillations has been completed in Japan. Neutrinos are the elusive ghosts of particle physics. They interact only weakly with matter: neutrinos can traverse the entire Earth with little chance of an interaction.

They come in three types, called electron neutrinos, muon neutrinos, and tau neutrinos. It used to be thought that these were unchanging. However, the first measurements of neutrinos coming from the thermonuclear reactions in the sun showed there were far fewer than predicted.

A second anomaly was found by Japan's Super-Kamiokande experiment. It detects neutrinos made by cosmic rays interactions in our atmosphere. Neutrinos are detected from the air above the deeply-buried detector, and from below -- neutrinos that have passed through the earth from the other side. Super-Kamiokande showed that the flux of different types of neutrino was different depending on whether the neutrinos were coming from above or below. This should not have been possible given our understanding of particle physics. Other experiments have conclusively demonstrated that these anomalies are caused by neutrino oscillations, whereby one type of neutrino turns into another type.

The T2K (Tokai-to-Kamioka) experiment was built to help us understand with unprecedented precision more about the strange properties of the puzzling neutrino. The work is led by Japan and involves 508 physicists from 62 institutes in 12 countries. It was built to help understand with unprecedented precision more about the strange properties of the puzzling neutrino.

The T2K facility in Tokai village, north of Tokyo, will now start to try to take measurements of the so-far unobserved neutrino oscillation. The oscillation would cause a small fraction of the muon neutrinos produced at Tokai to become electron neutrinos by the time they reach the Super- Kamiokande detector on the other side of Japan.

Observing the new type of oscillation would open up the prospect of comparing the oscillations of neutrinos and anti-neutrinos. Many theorists believe this may be related to one of the great mysteries in fundamental physics -- why is there more matter than anti-matter in the universe?

The first initial science results from this experiment are expected within a few months, but it will be several years before any definitive answers are found.

For more information see http://neutrino.kek.jp/t2k/

-- from a U.K. Science and Technology Facilities Council press release forwarded by Karen Pollard.

7. Public Solar Stormwatch - Webpage

Last month's Newsletter, Item 11, told how Solar Stormwatch volunteers can spot solar storms on Stereo spacecraft images and track their progress across space towards the Earth. However, no website contact was given on the original press release.

Lionel Hussey has kindly provided the contact: http://www.solarstormwatch.com

8. Phobos Flyby Images

Images from Mars Express flybys of Phobos have been released by the European Space Agency (ESA). The March 7 images show Mars' rocky moon in exquisite detail, with a resolution of just 4.4 metres per pixel. They show the proposed landing sites for the forthcoming Phobos-Grunt mission.

ESA's Mars Express spacecraft orbits the Red Planet in a highly elliptical, polar orbit that brings it close to Phobos every five months. It is the only spacecraft currently in orbit around Mars whose orbit reaches far enough from the planet to provide a close-up view of Phobos.

Like our Moon, Phobos always shows the same side to the planet, so it is only by flying outside the orbit that it becomes possible to observe the far side. Mars Express did just this on 7, 10 and 13 March 2010. Mars Express also collected data with other instruments.

Phobos is an irregular body measuring some 27 × 22 × 19 km. Its origin is debated. It appears to share many surface characteristics with the class of 'carbonaceous C-type' asteroids, which suggests it might have been captured from this population. However, it is difficult to explain either the capture mechanism or the subsequent evolution of the orbit into the equatorial plane of Mars. An alternative hypothesis is that it formed around Mars, and is therefore a remnant from the planetary formation period.

In 2011 Russia will send a mission called Phobos-Grunt (meaning Phobos Soil) to land on the martian moon, collect a soil sample and return it to Earth for analysis.

For operational and landing safety reasons, the proposed landing sites were selected on the far side of Phobos within the area 5°S-5°N, 230- 235°E. This region was imaged by the HRSC high-resolution camera of Mars Express during the July-August 2008 flybys of Phobos. But new HRSC images showing the vicinity of the landing area under different conditions, such as better illumination from the Sun, remain highly valuable for mission planners.

It is expected that Earth-based ESA stations will take part in controlling Phobos-Grunt, receiving telemetry and making trajectory measurements, including implementation of very long-baseline interferometry (VLBI). This cooperation is realized on the basis of the agreement on collaboration of the Russian Federal Space Agency and ESA in the framework of the 'Phobos- Grunt' and 'ExoMars' projects.

Mars Express will continue to encounter Phobos until the end of March, when the moon will pass out of range. During the remaining flybys, HRSC and other instruments will continue to collect data.

Article and images are available at: http://www.esa.int/esaSC/SEMK17CKP6G_index_0.html Updates as the flybys take place will be posted on the Mars Express blog at: http://webservices.esa.int/blog/blog/7

-- ESA press release forwarded by Karen pollard.

9. Asteroid Collision Seen?

A comet discovered in the asteroid belt in January appears not to be an icy object fizzing off gas but the result of a collision between two small asteroids. Comet P/2010 A2, was first discovered by the Lincoln Near-Earth Asteroid Research, or LINEAR, program sky survey on Jan. 6. Pictures taken by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) on January 25 and 29 show a complex X- pattern of filamentary structures near the comet's nucleus.

"This is quite different from the smooth dust envelopes of normal comets," said principal investigator David Jewitt of the University of California at Los Angeles. "The filaments are made of dust and gravel, presumably recently thrown out of the nucleus. Some are swept back by radiation pressure from sunlight to create straight dust streaks. Embedded in the filaments are co-moving blobs of dust that likely originated from tiny unseen parent bodies."

Hubble shows the main nucleus of P/2010 A2 lies outside its own halo of dust. This has never been seen before in a comet-like object. The nucleus is estimated to be 140 metres in diameter. The object was approximately 290 million km from the Sun and 150 million km from Earth at the time the HST pictures were taken.

Normal comets fall into the inner regions of the solar system from icy reservoirs in the Kuiper Belt and Oort Cloud. As comets near the Sun and warm up, ice near the surface vaporizes and ejects material from the solid comet nucleus via jets. But P/2010 A2 may have a different origin. It orbits in the warm, inner regions of the asteroid belt where its nearest neighbours are dry rocky bodies lacking volatile materials.

This leaves open the possibility that the complex debris tail is the result of an impact between two bodies, rather than ice simply melting from a parent body. If this interpretation is correct, two small and previously unknown asteroids recently collided, creating a shower of debris that is being swept back into a tail from the collision site by the pressure of sunlight. The main nucleus of P/2010 A2 would be the surviving remnant of this so-called hypervelocity collision. The absence of any gas in the comet's spectrum also supports the impact origin. Asteroid collisions are energetic, with an average impact speed of more than 5 km per second, five times faster than a rifle bullet.

For more information and a link to the HST pictures see http://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2010/feb/HQ_10-029_Hubble_asteroid.html

-- from a NASA press release forwarded by Karen Pollard.

10. VISTA Infra-Red Survey Telescope Commissioned

The European Southern Observatory (ESO) recently commissioned VISTA ? the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy - at Paranal Observatory in northern Chile.

VISTA is a survey telescope working at near-infrared wavelengths. It is the world´s largest survey telescope. The telescope has a main mirror 4.1 metres in diameter; the effective focal length is 13 metre or f/3.25. The mirrors are coated with a thin layer of protected silver. Silver is the best metal for the purpose since it reflects over 98% of near-infrared light, more than the more commonly used aluminium. VISTA's three-tonne camera has 16 state-of-the-art infrared-sensitive detectors totalling 67 megapixels.

VISTA was conceived and developed by a consortium of 18 universities in the United Kingdom, led by Queen Mary, University of London. It became an in-kind contribution to ESO as part of the UK's accession agreement. Project management for the telescope design and construction was undertaken by the Science and Technology Facilities Council's UK Astronomy Technology Centre. The telescope was provisionally accepted by ESO on 10 December 2009 and is now operated by ESO.

For more information, including a stunning view of the Flame Nebula in infra-red, see http://www.eso.org/public/teles-instr/surveytelescopes/vista/index.html

-- from an ESO press release forwarded by Karen Pollard and further information on the ESO-VISTA webpage.

11. New Director for CSIRO's Astronomy and Space Sciences Division

Dr Philip Diamond, has been appointed Chief of CSIRO's Astronomy and Space Sciences Division. He was formerly Director of the Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics at the University of Manchester where he led strategic research and management. His role also included coordination of PrepSKA, the Preparatory Phase study for the international Square Kilometre Array project. Prior to his current appointment at Manchester University, Dr Diamond was the Director of the MERLIN and VLBI National Facility at the Jodrell Bank Observatory.

Dr Diamond is a graduate of Leeds University in physics and astrophysics and has a PhD in radio astronomy from Manchester University. He has worked at the Onsala Space Observatory in Sweden, the Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy in Bonn, and spent 12 years in various positions within the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in the USA.

Dr Diamond will work closely with Dr Brian Boyle, CSIRO SKA director, to support Australia's international SKA bid. Dr Diamond will commence as Chief of CSIRO's Astronomy and Space Sciences Division on 1 June 2010.

Full media release: http://www.csiro.au/news/New-leader-of-CASS.html More information on the new CSIRO Astronomy and Spaces Science division: http://www.csiro.au/news/Astronomy-Space-Science-Division.html

-- from a CSIRO press release forwarded by the Astronomical Society of Australia.

12. RASNZ in Wikipedia

Peter Jaquiery writes that he has started an RASNZ entry on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Astronomical_Society_of_New_Zealand

Peter invites anyone who can fill in some of the details (especially the history) to do so.

13. Gifford-Eiby Lecture Fund

The RASNZ administers the Gifford-Eiby Memorial Lectureship Fund to assist Affiliated Societies with travel costs of getting a lecturer or instructor to their meetings. Details are in RASNZ By-Laws Section H.

For an application form contact the Executive Secretary This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., 14 Craigieburn Street, Darfield 7510.

14. Kingdon-Tomlinson Fund

The RASNZ is responsible for recommending to the trustees of the Kingdon Tomlinson Fund that grants be made for astronomical projects. The grants may be to any person or persons, or organisations, requiring funding for any projects or ventures that promote the progress of astronomy in New Zealand. Full details are set down in the RASNZ By-Laws, Section J.

For an application form contact the RASNZ Executive Secretary, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., 14 Craigieburn Street, Darfield 7510.

15. How to Join the RASNZ

A membership application form and details can be found on the RASNZ website http://www.rasnz.org.nz/InfoForm/membform.htm. Please note that the weblink to membership forms is case sensitive. Alternatively please send an email to the membership secretary This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for further information.

The annual subscription rate is $75. For overseas rates please check with the membership secretary, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

16. "The Goldilocks Enigma"

The Times Higher Education weekly has a column titled What Are You Reading. It comprises brief notes on any book that contributors think worth drawing attention to. The following is one of the more arresting reports:

Gary Day, principal lecturer in English, De Montfort University, is reading Paul Davies' "The Goldilocks Enigma" (Penguin 2006). "My science education was badly disrupted when out chemistry teacher blew himself up. Not surprising, since his subject was biology. They didn't replace him, so we didn't get physics either. Davies has saved me from being a complete ignoramus. This is an elegant and delightful guide to the big questions about the Universe, its origins, composition and ultimate end. It should be quite a show. Shame we won't be around to see it."

Alan Gilmore Phone: 03 680 6000 P.O. Box 57 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Lake Tekapo 7945 New Zealand


Newsletter editor:

Alan Gilmore   Phone: 03 680 6000
P.O. Box 57   Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Lake Tekapo 7945
New Zealand