Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand

Bright Stars

No.

Name

Star

Mag.

Abs.
Mag.

Lumin.
Sun = 1

Spec
Type

Distance
Lt Yr

Distance
parsec

21 Hr
Transit

R.A.
hr

Dec.

0.

Sun


-26.8

+4.8

1.0

G0

(1AU)





1.

Sirius

α CMa

-1.46

+1.4

23

A0

8.6 ly

2.6 pc

Feb 16

6.7

-16°

2.

Canopus

α Car

-0.72

-3.1

1400

F0

120 ly

37 pc

Feb 11

6.4

-53°

3.

Rigel Kent

α1 + α2 Cen

-0.27

+4.5

1.3

G0

4.3 ly

1.3 pc

Jun 16

14.6

-61°

4.

Arcturus

α Boo

-0.04

-0.3

91

K0

36 ly

11.0 pc

Jun 10

14.2

+19°

5.

Vega

α Lyr

+0.03

+0.5

52

A0

26 ly

8.0 pc

Aug 15

18.6

+39°

6.

Capella

α Aur

+0.08

+0.1

76

G0

32 ly

9.8 pc

Jan 24

5.2

+46°

7.

Rigel

β Ori

+0.12

-6.4

30200

B8

680 ly

210 pc

Jan 24

5.2

-8°

8.

Procyon

α CMi

+0.38

+2.7

6.9

F5

11.4 ly

3.5 pc

Mar 2

7.6

+5°

9.

Achernar

α Eri

+0.46

-2.6

910

B5

140 ly

43 pc

Nov 30

1.6

-57°

10.

Betelgeuse

α Ori

+0.57 var

-5.1

9400

M0

427 ly

130 pc

Feb 3

5.9

+7°

11.

Hadar

β Cen

+0.61

-3.1

1450

B1

180 ly

55 pc

Jun 7

14.0

-60°

12.

Acrux

α1 + α2 Cru

+0.75

-4.2

3960

B1

321 ly

98 pc

May 14

12.4

-63°

13.

Altair

α Aql

+0.93

+2.2

10.9

A5

16.8 ly

5.1 pc

Sep 3

19.8

+9°

14.

Aldebaran

α Tau

+0.99

-0.63

149

K5

65 ly

20.0 pc

Jan 15

04.6

+17°

15.

Spica

α Vir

+1.06

-3.55

2180

B2

262 ly

80 pc

May 28

13.4

-11°

16.

Antares

α Sco

+1.06

-5.28

10700

M0

600 ly

185 pc

Jul 14

16.5

-26°

17.

Pollux

β Gem

+1.22

+1.09

30.5

K0

33.7 ly

10.3 pc

Mar 3

07.8

+28°

18.

Fomalhaut

α PsA

+1.23

+1.74

16.7

A3

25.1 ly

7.7 pc

Oct 21

23.0

-30°

19.

Mimosa

β Cru

+1.31

-3.92

3070

B1

353 ly

108 pc

May 19

12.8

-60°

20.

Deneb

α Cyg

+1.33

-8.7

250000

A2

3200 ly

990 pc

Sep 16

20.7

+45°

21.

Regulus

α Leo

+1.41

-0.52

134.2

B8

77.5 ly

23.8 pc

Apr 8

10.1

+12°

22.

Adhara

ε CMa

+1.52

-4.10

3650

B1

431 ly

132 pc

Feb 20

07.0

-29°

23.

Castor

α Gem, double

+1.58

+0.59

48.5

A0

51.6 ly

15.8 pc

Feb 29

07.6

+32°

24.

Shaula

λ Sco

+1.63

-5.05

8700

B2

700 ly

216 pc

Jul 30

17.6

-37°

25.

Gacrux

γ Cru

+1.65

-0.56

140

M3

88 ly

27 pc

May 15

12.5

-57°